I’ve transferring GRFT to the exchange hours ago and it doesn’t appear in my account yet.
Some exchanges set a very high number of confirmations in order to avoid double spend on relatively low hash rate blockchains. This can lead to several hours before they consider the transaction as settled. Usually you can see the status of the settlement under the Deposit transaction list. Contact exchange for further support.
I’m trying to transfer GRFT from my wallet to another wallet or exchange, but I get the ‘Internal Server Error’ message
Make sure you have enough funds left in your wallet to cover the network fee.
The wallet doesn’t show the right balance and says ‘Updating’
If the balance hasn’t updated in a while (15-20 mins), try restarting your wallet. Keep in mind that first update takes longer than subsequent ones.
This creates problems for users on several levels – 1) it becomes a hassle to remove the erroneous charges (if bank or payment network takes responsibility), 2) the purchasing data is NEVER private
With the decentralized approach, the only party that sees (MINIMUM) data about the customer and purchase is the merchant themselves, drastically narrowing down hacking opportunities.
A proxy SN is the interface between end-user devices (like the mobile wallet, or POS terminals) that give a stable interface between those devices and the network, both to offload some of the processing power and allowing the mobile wallet and POS devices to not need an upgrade when mandatory blockchain upgrades happen; only the proxy SN needs an update.
- Tier 1 Supernode: 50,000 GRFT Tier 2 Supernode: 90,000 GRFT
- Tier 3 Supernode: 150,000 GRFT Tier 4 Supernode: 250,000 GRFT
Unlike full supernodes, proxy supernodes will still be operational and earn rewards even without a stake, however an unstaked proxy supernode won’t be able to earn rewards. This option is reserved for proprietary proxy supernodes, so the users with elevated privacy needs can host their own entry points to the network. Without the stake, the proxy supernode reward will be sent to the GRAFT community donation wallet address. This way the total transaction fee, which is assembled from several components, always remains consistent for the merchant regardless of status of the proxy supernode. Network participants wanting to earn proxy supernode rewards will require a minimum stake of 250,000 GRFT.
Exchange brokers provide the real-time exchange services of various cryptocurrencies as well as fiat currencies on the network and require a minimum balance of 50,000 GRFT in order to qualify as an exchange broker. Exchange brokers are hosted on full supernodes so anyone wanting to provide exchange services will also need to own a full supernode or make a lease agreement with one or more full supernode owners.
US dollar is currency. Euro is currency. US dollar bills and coins (cash, banknotes) are a payment system that enables face to face transactions. Visa and Mastercard are payment systems that enable non-cash, electronic transactions. PayPal is a payment system that allows to safely transact online.
Bitcoin is native online currency (cryptocurrency, or simply crypto), with basic “built-in” payment system that allows to process Bitcoin transactions online. There are many other crypto in existence.
The world doesn’t need another currency, but it needs a permissionless, secure, private, fast, and convenient payment system that would be able to process payments and transfers both online and in brick-and-mortar stores, in various currencies and cryptocurrencies. Only decentralized payment system can provide absolute privacy, highest security, and undiscriminating access to buyers and merchants. Not to mention the fact that only decentralized payment system can operate decentralized cryptocurrencies without reducing the value of their fundamental properties.
In additional, any traces of communication between the buyer (wallet app), the merchant (point of sale app), and the supernodes (selected relay and sample supernodes) during authorization phases are completely removed once transaction is settled (written into the blockchain).
- Private spend key – secret – required to spend money; stored in the wallet app
- Private view key – “semi-secret” – required to see the balance and previous transactions
- Payment address – public – required to receive money
In Graft, the Private spend key is always stored at the client (wallet) and never shared with the supernodes. Therefore, it is not the same as credit card when you share you card account number with the merchant, payment processor, and the bank every time you make a payment. If one of them is breached, you credit card can be stolen and used to make fraudulent payments. If any or even all supernodes are “breached”, they don’t have your private spend key so no one will be able to “use” your Graft account.
The Graft wallet balance is a “hidden” set of previous transactions. It is calculated by scanning all the previous transactions which are stored on the public blockchain but invisible without view key. Since mobile wallet app does not have direct access to the blockchain, the private view key is temporary shared with a single relay supernode in order to retrieve the wallet balance; the supernode will not store this view key in any database so even if it’s “breached” the view key will not be disclosed in most cases. However, even if the view key is disclosed, it only allows to see transactions, not to spend any money.
Users (either buyers or merchants) with higher requirements for privacy can host their own private supernode with full copy of blockchain. This way they will never share their view keys with the random “foreign” supernodes. Most probably, due to limited processing power and other resource limitations, such a private supernode will not be able to participate in transaction processing and earn any rewards or transaction fees, but it will still be able to validate transactions and view balances privately by scanning the local copy of the blockchain. For users who cannot or don’t want to host their own supernode but still don’t trust the entire network, Graft creates a special (free) cloud service with trusted supernodes that are protected by multiple levels of security.
Dash’s InstandSend is an optional feature, which is implemented on top of the blockchain network protocol as a 2nd application tier. Therefore, Dash transaction can be processed in two ways: InstantSend authorization or “regular” send. If InstantSend fails for any reason, transaction is sent through the regular slow path. Such a scheme is not acceptable in the “real world” of payments. In order to “compete” with the dominance of credit cards, crypto payments must be always approved instantly. Unlike Dash, Graft real time authorization is a built-in feature: all Graft transactions are approved in real time, within a range between several milliseconds to a few seconds, depending on the merchant settings. Thus, both online and brick-and-mortar merchants and their customers can always rely on Graft real time authorization.
The buyer is required to pay an additional fee in order to process the payment faster using InstantSend. Graft transaction is always approved in real time, and such approval does not require any additional fee. A small symbolic flat fee is paid by the merchant (similar to the credit card fee in the “real world” but significantly lower), which enables an an adoption of Graft for micropayments. Like in the world of traditional payments with credit and debit cards, the buyer (sender) does not care about the fee rate or complexity of the fee structure, which allows much higher conversion rates and better buying experience.
Dash has another optional feature called PrivateSend which also requires additional configuration efforts and extra fees from the sender (buyer). Unlike Dash, which is based on Bitcoin code, Graft is based on CryptoNote protocol and Monero code, which provides incomparably higher level of privacy, untraceability, and unlinkability of transactions, right “out of the box”, without any additional actions or fees required from either buyer or merchant. Thus, each payment on Graft blockchain is “visible” only to the buyer and merchant involved in this particular payment, just like in the real world of credit card payments, or in fact even better as there is no central authority in between.
Unlike Dash, which is mainly a cryptocurrency with some optional features, Graft is an open payment platform that allows merchants to accept various methods of payments such as other cryptocurrencies and credit/debit cards. Different merchant payout options in altcoins of local fiat currencies will be also available through Graft point of sale app and Graft service brokers. Graft wallet users can also instantly exchange other cryptocurrencies or fiat currencies as part of the payment transaction.
Graft payment processing flows and transaction types are atypical for cryptocurrencies but very usual for the brick-and-mortar and ecommerce merchants; those flows have been designed to allow an easier adoption by the mainstream merchants and consumers, without the need for any centralized intermediaries (payment processors) which defeat the basic principle of cryptocurrencies – decentralization.
Unlike other cryptocurrencies that provide a single wallet app, which is typically used for both sending and receiving payments, Graft separates those functions, just like in the “real world”, between buyer’s wallet app and merchant’s point of sale app. So the users with different interests will never be confused by the “opposite” features they never use, such as top up in the wallet or payout in the point of sale.
Outside of making this claim, there’s very little detail available:
- how does the terminal validate the transactions?
- how are the wallets handled? There’s no mention of a gateway or any other services so it only leaves one to assume that the wallets are configured locally on the POS (including the blockchain), which makes it all but impossible
- How did they solve the blockchain speed problem?
- Are the merchants the ones taking all the responsibility for the crypto-to-fiat exchanges? (there are no mention of any type of service providers or brokers)
Outside of lack of details on their solution, there’s a big difference in approaches – PundiX is building a point of sale terminal, while GRAFT is building the payment network and an ecosystem of service brokers that can be integrated with any point of sale system via standard payment terminals. A payment network like GRAFT takes care of separating the merchant from the currency conversions and addresses the speed of transactions, fee structure, and transaction privacy.
- Lack of incentive for miners
- Threat of DOS attacks
- Uncontrolled growth of blockchain
“Unlocked Balance” is the amount of GRFT a user has available for immediate use. “Locked Balance” is the amount of GRFT that is currently on hold and awaiting confirmations. The GRFT held in your “locked balance” will be moved to your “unlocked balance” once the transaction has received a total of 10 confirmations on blockchain which takes approximately 20 minutes.
GRAFT Network enables crypto payments to work similarly to other payment processing networks (like Visa, Mastercard, Amex) by supporting special functions such as instant authorizations, seller paid fees, etc
GRAFT coins (GRFT) are the lifeblood of GRAFT Network and are used as a specialized interim currency which provides the functions needed for POS-style payment processing. GRAFT coins are also used for Proof-of-Stake protocol (where the credibility of the nodes is proven by presenting the network token ownership.)
So who should consider getting GRFT coins and why? Here are some of the potential actors and usages:
- SuperNode Operators looking to make fees on authorizations
- Service Brokers (Payment processors, exchanges, risk managers, etc) need GRFT coins as Proof-of-Stake to be able provide services on the network
- Users might want GRFT coins as a purchase currency so they don’t have to incur high network fees on other digital assets where the fees are network rather than transaction amount dependent.
In 5 years we hope to see GRAFT become the 3rd most popular payment network after Visa and Mastercard.
No reliance on banks, transactions are kept private and secure on the blockchain, true cross-border payments, built-in loyalty programs, no hidden “got you” fees that banks charge, better chargeback handling for merchants, democratized credit for users, and much more.